In 1957, New York based Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corporation made a historic business decision when they sponsored the formation of Fairchild Semiconductor in Palo Alto, California. A group of eight scientists and engineers involved in solid-state electronics had developed a method of mass-producing silicon transistors using a double diffusion technique and a chemical etching system called the "mesa" process. By 1964, Fairchild Semiconductor produces more than 100,000 integrated circuits for the Apollo space program. Text reads "OPTO Lighting The Way. Fairchild: The Broad Line Supplier. Bipolar CCD Linear Power Opto Small Signal Diode Mos Digital" Original photograph courtesy NASA. Measures 19.5 x 26"